Arnheim Argues that the way in which children are taught contradicts how we perceive information and how cognition plays a key part in the process. He argues that children learn more effectively when they are allowed to play and create, learning how the knowledge they have been taught can function in reality. Children learn based on their previous experiences and the way that they interact with the world, too much emphasis on subjects that focus only on learned knowledge from texts and books, gives a child no parameters for it’s use and relevance in reality. More arts based subjects give a child the time and opportunity to play and learn with gathering and perceiving information.
This is the argument between S.T.E.M (science, technology, english and maths) and S.T.E.A.M (science, technology, english, art and maths).